Professor Paul Ekins
Mr. Paul Ekins is founder and director of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) - an international network with groups in most G7 countries - which organizes "economic summits" at the time of the G7 summits, with a focus on strategies for human development, social justice and environmental sustainability. In 1986, Mr. Ekins set up the New Economics Foundation to undertake work on developing a "new economics".
His book A new World Order: Grassroots Movements for Global Change, now a recommended text for undergraduate development studies courses, describes within a coherent theoretical framework, a broad range of initiatives and organizations working for a people-centred development process. Other books on sustainability Wealth Beyond Measure: An Atlas of New Economics and a companion book Real Wealth are the first books on green economics geared specifically for school use.
Mr. Ekins' present research interest is the relationship between environmental sustainability, economic growth and international trade. His "Trading off the Future" has been an important input into the debate on GATT and the environment.
He is the founder and coordinator of the Living Economy Network, a loose international grouping of 2,000 academics interested in these approaches, a founding member of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics and of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy.
Fundacion Peruana para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza
Since its inception in 1985, the Peruvian Foundation for the Conservation of nature (FPCN) has been a leader in conserving biological diversity in Peru.
Through agreements with the Peruvian Government, FPCN provides on-site management to nine of Peru's 25 protected areas. These areas make up nearly 85 per cent of the lands currently included in Peru's national system of protected areas. No other non-governmental organization (NGO) in Latin America manages as many conservation units over such a large geographic area.
FPCN has become one of the leading NGOs in Latin America working with pilot projects in sustainable forestry. FPCN is an advisor to the Ministry of Tourism and has played a major role in the establishment of Peru's national trust fund for protected areas.
In 1992, FPCN was elected to Chair the Peruvian Network of Environmental Organizations and its school campaign has reached 15,000 students via talks, videos and art concerts.
FPCN has been instrumental in drafting a proposed new national forestry law for Peru to be presented to the Peruvian Congress in 1994. FPCN has eight offices, three regional offices, and four field offices with a staff of 105.
Molly R. Gaskin
Ms. Molly Gaskin, as President and founding member of the Pointe-a-Pierre Wild Fowl Trust, successfully lobbied for the restoration of a part of the Mucurapo foreshore wetlands and for the Government of Trinidad and Tobago to accede to the Ramsar Wetland Convention. She is a founding member of the Council for President of Environmental NGOs.
She designed and produced the first environmental education books for the country's schools and achieved another first when she brought together the Pointe-e-Pierre Wild Fowl Trust with the Audubon Sanctuary of Alkalia Lake in North Dakota.
She has promoted student interest in the environment by organizing natural history competitions, slide lectures and field trips to wetland habitats. She is a member of the Advisory Committee to the Government on wildlife and environmental matters. She is the recipient of the national Humming Bird Gold Medal and of the Rotary Club of Port of Spain Award in recognition of vocational environment services. She is also an accomplished photographer who has had a number of exhibitions on the environment, and who in 1977, put together the first audio-visual environmental education programme in Trinidad and Tobago.
Professor Masazumi Harada was the first detector of the effect of organic hydrargyrum or Minamata Disease on humans. He has devoted himself to helping victims of the disease and to various environmental issues.
He has published a number of books on the issue, including: Mental and Neurological Disturbances due to Organic Mercury Poisoning During Prenatal Period; Minamata Disease, Words and Photography: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning; Epidemiology in Neurology; Organic Mercury Poisoning; Carbondisulfate Poisoning and Mercury Poisoning; Congenital Minamata; Never Ending Minamata Disease; History of Minamata Disease; The End of Minamata Disease Not Yet in Sight.
Dr. Gustav Harmer, President of WWF Austria, took over the personal liability for a bank loan, which was then granted to WWF Austria in 1989 to buy land along the Danube to prevent a power plant company from developing the land. Together with Professor Dr. Bernd Lotsch, Austria's most famous conservationist, Dr. Gustav Harmer took over the personal leadership for an unparalleled nature conservation campaign.
The campaign "Bail out Nature" had to raise US$8.5 million. As many persons as possible and groups, including schools and organizations, needed to be contacted. Industrial leaders (sponsorships) and wealthy persons (large donors) were personally contacted by Dr. Gustav Harmer. In the end more than 200,000 Austrians gave donations.
This was the first step to actually realize the planned national Park Donau-March-Thaya-Auen, which today is in preparation.
Sir John Houghton
Dr. John Houghton is well known internationally for his outstanding research in remote sensing of the atmosphere from space.
In cooperation with Professor Desmond Smith, Dr. Houghton developed the selective Chopper Radiometer for the Nimbus 4 and 5 satellites in the early 1970s - an instrument, which sensed remotely the atmospheric temperature structure up to about 50km in altitude. Further developments by the group at Oxford led by Dr. Houghton, namely the Pressure Modulator Radiometer flown on Nimbus 6 in 1975 and the Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder flown on Nimbus 7 in 1978, enabled the temperature structure and the distribution of some minor constitutents up to about 90km in altitude to be observed. These instruments, for the first time, provided global information on the structure of the stratosphere and mesosphere and have played a large part in enabling more detailed studies of the radiation, dynamics and chemistry of the whole atmosphere to be pursued. Dr. Houghton also cooperated with scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in developing an instrument for the Pioneer Venus Orbiter.
He is the recipient of a number of awards including the Darton Prize (1954), the Buchan Prize (1966), the Symons Gold Medal (1991), the Charles Cree Medal of the Institute of Physics (1979) and the Glazebrook Medal (1990). In 1988, he was appointed as Chairman of the Scientific Assessment Working Group of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change.
Mr. Roelof Hueting founded the Department of Environmental Statistics at The Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics in 1969. The Department produces statistics on the whole field of the environment, including species and resources, both in physical and monetary terms, and attempts to construct alternative national income figures, corrected for environmental losses, alongside the current figures.
Roelof Hueting assisted the Dutch Ministers of Health and Environment with their first environmental legislation, introducing "the polluter pays principle". He helped the Dutch eco-movement stop the construction of a polder in the Waddensea, an estuary of international environmental importance, which resulted in the entire polderplan being abandoned.
Hueting was co-author of a "realistic alternative scenario" estimating the consequences on the production and employment levels of an economic policy that shifts its priority from production growth to saving the environment and natural resources. His paper Correcting National Income for Environmental Losses: A Practical Solution for a Theoretical Dilemma arrives at a method of calculating a Sustainable National Income, aimed at better measuring economic success than the national income, as the latter does not take into consideration the limitations imposed by sustainable use of the environment.
Mr. Hueting is currently working on a pilot calculation for a sustainable national income of The Netherlands.
Joseph Makabuza Kabirizi
Mr. Joseph Makabuza Kabirizi spent nearly 30 years working with the "Institut Zairois pour la conservation de la nature (IZCN)", before dying tragically on 24 October 1993 as a result of a road accident.
He was the IZCN Regional Director for North Kivu, Eastern Zaire.
As a warden first, Mr. Makabuza worked in most of the national parks and reserves of Zaire and had acquired outstanding experience in protected area management and conservation. His numerous qualities had enabled him to be appreciated by his colleagues and superiors as well as by the international conservation community. In his last position, he designed and started implementing a new decentralized scheme for IZCN.
Given his experience in gorilla conservation, he was nominated as the Zairian national representative for the International Gorilla Conservation Programme.
Mr. Osamu Kobayashi is Director of the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), the world's largest private electric utility. In June 1968, he assumed office as the first Manager of Environmental Administration at the Department of the Environment. TEPCO was the first electric utility in Japan to establish such a section to deal with control measures for environmental protection. He has been responsible for TEPCO's promotion of environmental protection for the last 20 years. He has been working to develop and introduce innovative technologies such as, high grade electrostatic precipitators, flue gas desulturization and denitrification technologies. With the belief that the electric power company should fulfil its social responsibilities as a public utility corporation, he contributed to the decision, by top management, to introduce the use of LNG, making TEPCO the world's first electric utility to use such a low-polluting fuel for power generation. Thanks to his commitment, TEPCO has had tremendous influence over the consolidation and improvement of environmental protection measures taken by other electric power companies. Mr. Kobayashi has taken the lead in concluding voluntary agreements with local governments on pollution control on thermal power plants. These agreements provide environmental standards that are far more stringent than those required by Japan's national laws and ordinances.
Ms. Marie-Paul Labey is known in France for the role she has played in combatting asbestos-pollution in drinking water. An extensive campaign which she developed resulted in no less than 10 legal texts on the recognition of asbestos-linked occupational diseases, toxic waste management, labelling of products and the prohibition to use flaked asbestos as building material fore residential units.
In 1982, Ms. Labey set up GRAPE, a federation of 47 environmental NGOs. From 1983 to 1989, she represented environmental NGOs and chaired the Rural Planning Commission and her reports on the loss of agricultural land and the development of a regional waste management policy initiated important action.
The need to protect the environment and the high unemployment rate in lower Normandy, France, led Ms. Labey to set up Rivieres et Bocages (R & B), a non-profit body which uses Government employment measures to restore and protect both the natural and built environment.
She initiated vocational training courses and devised a scheme providing municipalities with planning and maintenance staff. The courses draw people from many regions and were awarded a prize by the Fondation de France. Over 150 people are now employed by R & B which in 1993, launched a pilot project for sustainable development and set up a job-creation workshop in the industrial zone of Vire.
For her outstanding work, Ms. Labey was awarded the Merite de l'Ordre Agricole.