Pravit Tomyavit works with the Thai Yuwa Kasetkem Promotion Foundation that funds newly trained young farmers to promote sustainable development. Under the Royal Patronage of HRN Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Bangkok, the Foundation assists approximately 6,000 groups with about 200,000 members in Thailand. Tomyavit helped organize a Regional Workshop for Rural Youth in 1989 and 34 youth leaders from 10 countries in Asia/ Pacific attended. A youth environmental network was thus set up, which now publishes a bi-annual Regional Bulletin.
As first Executive Director of the Indonesian Environmental Forum (WALHI) and founding member of Friends of the Environment Fund (DML), Erna Witoelar is a leading force behind Indonesia's environmental movement. She is also a leading consumer advocate in her country and is now the President of the International Organisation of Consumers Unions (IOCU).
Witoelar initiated several nationwide environmental campaigns, and has written extensively on topics covering the environment and consumer protection. She is a strong promotor of the role of NG0s in the development process at national and international level for 20 years. She has served on the Advisory Committee of the Brundfland Commission, and was a member of the Commission on Developing Countries and Global Changes.
Women of Mupata Village
The women of Mupata village in Zimbabwe helped establish a self-help community group to generate income and implement sustainable water projects to meet agriculture and food production needs in the village. The project, initiated in 1989, with the assistance of the Agricultural Technical and Extension Services and the Ministry of Womens Affairs, managed to drill 10 boreholes, providing the community with access to clean water. "Food societies" were organized to engage in poultry farming and manure used to fertilise maize fields. The project, which has greatly improved the standard of living, is being expanded to include cattle rearing.
Abdullatif K. Youssef
In 1981, Professor Youssef, Director of the Marine Institute of Syria, conducted research on air pollution in Kuwait for the first time in an Arab country. This research determined the high risk polluting effect that the chemical character of recycled oil had on the environment. Much of his recommendations have been adopted by the authorities. Professor Youssef has initiated graduate study programmes on marine environment.
Some of the poorest people in the world live in the Mathare Valley slums in Nairobi, and over half of them are children. MYSA was created as a small self-help prograrmne by local youth to organize their own slum clean-up projects and sports leagues.
Today, with 20 leagues, 225 teams and more than 4,000 players, MYSA has become one of the largest youth sports organizations in Africa. Every weekend nearly 1,500 children tackle two major causes of the high rates of disease and deaths, by clearing garbage and drainage ditches and participating in sports activities.
Gladys Khangwayini Mashinini
Gladys Mashinini, an EarthCare team leader with Ecolink, an NGO involved in a garden/nutrition project to train rural people in the benefits of home gardens and the ways in which waste can be recycled and utilized there.
The teams visited the communities daily and using brochures, simple illustrations and community participation to educate the people, enabled the community to learn how to improve their nutrition, reduce household waste by recycling and save money.
Professor Torsten Malmberg is Head of the Human Ecology Division of the University of Lund, Sweden.
In 1953 set up to the Falsterbo Bird Observatory which has now for decades made it possible to monitor and protect the migrating bird populations of Northern Europe. 20 years later he defended his dissertation in ecological zoology considered the alarming decrease of the Rook (Corvus frugilegus) as a result of the contamination by fungicidal seed dressings. This was soon prohibited, with the recovery of the Rook stock as a consequence.
During the last 50 years. Professor Malmberg has published more than 300 scientific and popular papers on ecology and behaviour, mostly orientated towards conservation. He is founder and editor of the Acta Oecologiae Hominis, an international monograph series on the science of human ecology. He has written the book Rooks and Pesticides and other papers addressing and expanding the subject of his dissertation. For decades he has been a leading functionary within Swedish national and regional societies for ornithology, human ecology and conservation.
Susan Mahon of the Barbados Environmental Association (BEA) initiated a project "National Gully Week" to highlight the plight of polluted gullies through educational promotional campaigns.
The message was that illegal dumping was serious in the community and it was the citizens' responsibility to practise proper waste disposal. The result was the removal of 805 tons of garbage during a three week clean-up period.
Now, over a year later, the gully is garbage-free and the community is focussing on educating the public on proper waste management practices.
Ambassador Dr. Mateo J. Magarinos De Mello
Ambassador Magarinos de Mello is a pioneer in the field of environmental law. He is the first jurist to write about the theory, and introduced this new legal system in the Faculty of Law and Social Science of Uruguay. He has been a great influence on Uruguay's environmental policy, and was in part responsible for the Montevideo meeting of government experts on environmental law and actively participated in the elaboration of the Montevideo programme.
He is the recipient of the Elisabeth Haub Award from the Free University of Brussels and the International Council of Environmental Law of Bonn. Ambassador Magarinos is a veteran of the Stockholm Conference which gave birth to UNEP and was President of UNEP's Governing Council in 1981.
He helped establish the National Institute for the Preservation of the Environment, and created the Department of Environment in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was the founder and President of the Uruguayan Association of Environmental Law and of the Inter-American Committee of Environmental Law and Administration.
Thomas E. Lovejoy
During his career at the World Wildlife Fund from 1973-1987, Dr. Lovejoy founded the television series "Nature" and was awarded an Emmy for it.
In 1987, he was appointed Assistant Secretary of External Affairs of the Smithsonian Institution and serves on numerous scientific and conservation boards. Dr. Lovejoy's "Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems" project in Brazil alerted policy makers on how forests' fragmentation can accelerate the rate of extinction of species. His research resulted in the environmental impact of development projects becoming criteria for development decisions by the multilateral agencies funded by US and other creditor nations.
He also conceived the concept of debt-for-nature swaps in 1984.