Mr. McTaggart was a founder of Greenpeace International and has been the organization's chief spokesman and Chairman since 1979.
In 1972 McTaggart sailed to French Polynesia to protest against French nuclear tests near Mururoa Atoll. This was the beginning of the many campaigns by Greenpeace against nuclear tests and whaling.
The organization has grown to three million members in 21 countries.
Anna H. Merz
In 1982 Mrs. Merz invested all her savings, time and energy in the creation of the rhino sanctuary at Lewa Downs Ranch in Kenya. There have been many difficulties - including drought and poachers - but today there are eight white rhinos and 13 black rhinos in the sanctuary. 11 black and four white calves have been born including a black female who was hand-reared by Mrs. Merz from birth and is now seven and half years old and living free with the other rhinos.
Ms. Milne, by profession a school teacher, was awarded an Australian Bicentennial Award for her achievements in protection of the environment.
In 1989 she was elected as a "Green Independent" to the Tasmanian Parliament. Christine Milne's achievements in lobbying government and industry demonstrated that individual action can be effective in conserving forest environments from non-sustainable exploitation by industry.
National Mobilization Programme (NMP)
NMP was established in 1983 to mobilise human and material resources to rehabilitate key sectors of the Ghanaian economy. NMP has organised volunteers in towns and villages to identify pressing ecological and social problems and help solve them. Over 200,000 volunteers have planted millions of cocoa seedlings and rehabilitated several thousand acres of burnt out cocoa farms, thus helping to increase output of cocoa, the main export crop. Volunteers of NMP are also active in bushfire suppression and improvement of village wells and sanitation. In 1983, the NMP successfully organised the evacuation and resettlement of 1.2 million Ghanaians repatriated from Nigeria and Cote d'Ivoire, thus avoiding a potential environmental disaster.
Mark Dokotela Ncube
Mr. Ncube has developed his mixed farm in Matabeleland South on conservation principles.
His land surrounds a swamp, which he has preserved by planting grasses, which also serve as grazing for cattle. He pipes water from the swamp to reservoirs from which he irrigates, waters stock and cattle, and draws domestic supply. Mr. Ncube has shown how wise conservation can contribute to successful production.
He was awarded the Zimbabwe Natural Resources Certificate of Merit.
Mr. Ncube has shown that protection of swamps assists fanning in dry areas and his farm is a green oasis.
Michael A. N. Odula
10 years ago, Mr. Odula, a High School headmaster on Rusinga Island, began an environmental conservation and education programme involving thousands of primary and secondary school children in planting trees, soil conservation, and a central tree seed-bank.
Dr. Gunavantrai Oza
Dr. Oza, a botanist, is a member of the lUCN Commissions on Ecology, National Parks and Protected Areas and on Education and Communication and Emeritus Member of the Species Survival Commission. Mr. Oza is the Founding Editor of Environmental Awareness - a quarterly journal. He carried out field studies for nearly two decades in the Dachigam Sanctuary to assess the status of the Hangul (Kashmir Deer), and to protect it from threatened extinction.
Chief Paiakan of the Kayapo tribe of Brazil has long campaigned against the hydro-electric dams, which threaten to destroy parts of the Amazonian rainforest.
He has been making it clear to bankers and politicians that his people are dependent on the rainforest for survival and that the dams can cause pollution and deforestation.
Mr. Peskov is a journalist and ecologist who, for 15 years has been conducting the weekly Soviet TV programme "The World of Animals".
He lectures extensively on Antarctic, Africa and North America.
Population and Community Development Association
A rural development project for conservation was initiated by PDA and the Wildlife Fund Thailand (WFT) in three parks near one of Thailand's endangered national parks. Currently the project has been expanded to include a total of six villages. It aims to preserve wildlife and forests offering people economic incentives and improvements in their quality of life.
Begun in 1985, the project established environmental protection societies, which give low-interest loans to villagers if they promise to conserve trees and wildlife, and also training in agriculture, health, forestry and conservation. The activities of most villagers have thus been deflected from illegal logging and hunting towards the protection of their environment.