Fleurir Maurice Committee M.G.T.O.
The "Fleurir Maurice" Committee, a pioneer in ecological concerns, was set up in Mauritius in 1967 with the objective of protecting and embellishing the environment. An extensive awareness campaign is carried out through the media, posters, youth clubs, schools and colleges, women's associations, municipalities and district councils. A nationwide, annual "Fleurir Maurice" competition is organised and awards are presented to the best houses, schools, colleges, hospitals, industrial estates, sugar factories, villages, beaches and hotels in each of the four District Councils areas and the five towns of Mauritius. Nursery projects in schools, cleaning of beaches, placing kilns at the base of filaos trees to prevent people from damaging them when cooking food, and "Operation Force Verte" which consists of extensive tree planting along highways, main roads and mountain slopes.
Hoogovens Aluminium is a smelter plant located on 227 acres of which 195 acres have been developed into a nature reserve. In 1976, 140,000 native trees and bushes were planted, attracting hundreds of wildlife species. Two large ponds were built in 1980 and 1987, which attracted amphibians, ducks and herons. An additional 50 acres have also been set aside as a forest, making it possible for cattle to graze without the risk of fluoride intake. The Hoogovens smelter is a fine example of how industry and nature can co-exist.
Malaysia Nature Society
Established in 1940, the Malayan Nature Society is a non-profit-making NGO that promotes nature appreciation and conservation. Its activities cover field trips, courses, outdoor expeditions, education, media campaigns and exhibitions with the aim of developing an appreciation for Malaysia's natural heritage. There are branches in nine Malaysian states. The proposed network of conservation areas incorporated in the Third Malaysia Plan (1976-1980) was a direct result of a paper submitted by the Malayan Nature Society.
Vereniging Ode, Organisatie Voor
The Organisatie voor Duurzame Energie (Organisation for Renewable Energy) is a Dutch NGO specialising in promoting renewable energy applications. The organisation was founded in 1979 and now has 1000 members and 35 associated local organisations. The organisation informs the public on developments in wind-energy and solar energy, with the objective of mobilising public and local groups to support the use of renewable energy resources. It has specialised in promoting and coordinating farmers, companies and groups of small consumers to use wind turbines and solar systems.
Starkist Seafood Company
In 1990 Starkist Seafood, the world's largest tuna fish canner, announced that it would no longer sell tuna with dolphin. As a result of this decision, 75% of the USA canned tuna market turned "dolphin safe" almost immediately.
Asian and European canners have recently followed this example. Prior to this action many Pacific tuna fishing fleets intentionally dropped their nets on dolphins because in some areas tuna swim under schools of dolphin. This fishing technique, known as "setting on dolphin", was responsible for some 100,000 dolphin deaths every year. Starkist is also actively encouraging foreign nations to use only "dolphin safe" fishing methods, and is supporting the United Nations' call for a global ban on driftnet fishing.
Saenaua Women's Association
In 1982, New Zealand funded a reafforestation project under a plan negotiated among the Solomon Islands Government, the New Zealand Government and Saenaua landowners. The project was initiated to reduce the slash and burn methods practiced by the local community.
Landowners combined their plots and cleared the land. Trees were planted for a minimal wage and the women planted communal vegetable gardens between the stands of trees. This has resulted in deforested lands being replanted and the production of vegetables to supplement nutritional needs.
After six years, Portugal's National Association for Conservation of Nature - "Quercus" - has grown to 5,500 members, organised in 18 delegations throughout the country and several research bodies and task groups.
Quercus is a non-profit making, non-partisan association that conducts studies/assessments of Portugal's flora and fauna and establishes environmental projects with business enterprises and governmental bodies adhering to the principles and aims of sustainable development. Quercus has made important contributions to environmental awareness through media campaigns. It is the publisher of the 0 Teixo newsletter, Cademos Quercus, as well as other nonperiodical publications.
Quercus is also a member of several international organisations.
Participatory Development Forum (PDF)
Participatory Development Forum was launched in 1972 by a group of women leaders in Indonesia to develop an accessible freshwater supply plan through community self-help.
Bumiredjo Village lacked a safe water supply system and the only accessible water was a contaminated river. Following a serious epidemic that killed many people, the villagers built a water supply structure of tanks and bamboo pipes. These were later replaced by funds from CIDA. Now diarrhoea epidemics and skin disease incidents have dropped markedly, and the infant mortality rate fell from 125 per 1,000 in 1980 to 80 per 1,000 in 1990.
Paasban / Family Planning Association
For the past 12 years, The Paasban Women's Development Programme has been working on a national strategy to bring women into the mainstream of development to improve their economic and social status.
In 1986, the women introduced smokeless chulhas (stoves). Traditional mud stoves used by the majority of the rural population consumed a great deal of already scarce fuelwood. The project team thus organized a series of 'chulha' workshops to train women to build, repair and maintain chulhas. Fuel consumption has now been reduced by 30 per cent and the women expend less energy gathering wood. Health conditions have also improved as smoke is reduced in communities.
NIKA - Magazine of the Czech Union for Nature and Conservation
The NIKA magazine, launched in 1979, is best known to the public for its conflict with the then powerful state newspaper, the "Rude Pravo." During the communist regime, NIKA managed to inform its readers about events in nature conservation and environment protection even behind the Iron Curtain. The magazine covers nature conservation, comments on serious events in the environmental sphere of Czechoslovakia and is published six times a year with a print run of 8,000 copies per year.