City Council of Erlangen
Erlangen (pop. 100,000) has become a model for an environmentally- friendly city management. In close cooperation with local representatives of associations for the preservation of nature and the environment, the Erlangen City Council has issued a series of by-laws for the enhancement of the ecological situation in Erlangen.
This intensive collaboration, supported by committed public relations work, has led to a considerable improvement in the field of City ecology. An integrated refuse collection and processing programme helps to avoid the production of refuse and ensures the recycling of a high proportion of garbage and waste.
The city's traffic planning is exemplary -approximately 200 km of bike paths have been developed over the past 20 years, and the use of public transport has risen by 25%. Biotopes were laid out at a cost of over us$3 million, an in the immediate neighbourhood of the city approximately 40 hectares of wetland were restored. To date 43% of the city zone has been declared either protected landscape areas or nature reserves.
Club des Amis de la Nature (CANUY)
An association of youth groups for the preservation of nature.
Since 1981, the Friends of Nature have organised two national seminars, field and study trips to the 10 provinces of Cameroon, conferences and seminars, debates on the environment, television and radio programmes, and film shows and exhibitions on natural resources and their degradation. CANUY subcommittees are organised by the secondary schools of Cameroon. There are 60 clubs at present.
Ecology Law Quarterly
Established in 1971, Ecology Law Quarterly was the first American law school review dealing solely with environmental law and policy. Its articles are cited frequently in court opinions, by legal institutions, and by lawyers. ELQ's articles cover the whole range of environmental law and policy and reflect widely differing philosophies and points of view.
ELQ has sponsored symposia on environmental law and policy in developing countries, in the Pacific Basin and in Europe. ELQ is an important institution in the growth of environmental law and policy, in the US and throughout the world.
Since 1967 industrial pollution in Kitakyushu City during the past several decades has been drastically improved through organised efforts among local government industries, universities and the public.
Air and water pollution had reached dangerous levels requiring the City government to strengthen control, monitoring and investment for sewerage and industrial clean-up. Dredging of hazardous harbour sediments was performed with cost- sharing by industrial companies. Urban parks have been expanded by city government and industry.
Kitakyushu City won the Japan Environment Agency Award in a "star watch" contest in 1987, which gave evidence of the revival of clean air in the city. The city also won the "UNCED Local Government Honours" in June 1992, in special recognition of its achievements in overcoming its severe environmental pollution and its active efforts in international environmental cooperation by making use of the experience.
Laurel Springs School
In 1988, 12 high school students of Laurel Springs School decided to make a video that would inspire children to help save their planet. Their video is "We Can Make a Difference?". The students wrote, filmed, edited, produced and raised all the money for the making of their video. Since receiving the Global 500 award in 1990, over 1 million children have seen "We Can Make a Difference".
The students of Laurel Springs School remain dedicated to their cause. They have made two more videos, "Making a Difference Around the World" and "One Small Wish for this Earth" and written two environmental workshops. This year the Laurel Springs students (ages 12-18) are performing their "Earth Hearing" workshops in schools around the country. They are also working on a fourth video.
Population and Community Development Association
A rural development project for conservation was initiated by PDA and the Wildlife Fund Thailand (WFT) in three parks near one of Thailand's endangered national parks. Currently the project has been expanded to include a total of six villages. It aims to preserve wildlife and forests offering people economic incentives and improvements in their quality of life.
Begun in 1985, the project established environmental protection societies, which give low-interest loans to villagers if they promise to conserve trees and wildlife, and also training in agriculture, health, forestry and conservation. The activities of most villagers have thus been deflected from illegal logging and hunting towards the protection of their environment.
The Una Emeralds Society
The Society has 24,000 members and aims at popularising the protection of the environment among the young. The Society has lobbied to have the environment included in the syllabus of schools and has an annual journal devoted to nature.
For three years the Society has organised a school for talented young painters (10-15 years old) who spend 10 days each year by the Una River painting nature. The more successful works tour many schools.
UNESCO Club of the University of Yaounde
The UNESCO Club of the University of Yaounde has been active since 1976 in mobilising the public about Cameroon's and Africa's environmental problems including deforestation and soil erosion. The Club has also campaigned for the protection of wild animals and publicised the issues of toxic wastes
In 1984, BAUM ("Tree") - the German Environmental Management Association - was founded by Mr. Winter, a German entrepreneur. This integrated system of environmental management was the first and only systematic attempt to provide businesses with practical checklists on environmentally sound behaviour from production to marketing and transportation to training. Since its founding, BAUM's membership has grown from 10 to 250 companies. In 1991 organisations will join to create the first international, independent, industry network devoted to helping business cope with environmental issues.
Environment Telephone of Vereniging
Many people have questions about paint, detergents, their car or the nasty smell coming from a nearby factory. The "Environment Telephone" is ready to answer questions of consumers about the environment at home, in the neighbourhood, in their workplace and during their leisure. The workers of the "Environment Telephone" have access to an extensive documentation system, as well as a network of people and organisations.