In 1967, Jane Goodall established the Gombe Stream Research Centre in the United Republic of Tanzania.
For 35 years, her behavioural and ecological projects, focusing on wild chimpanzees and olive baboons, have provided insight into the lives of non-human primates. In one of her many observations, which amazed the world, Jane Goodall documented chimpanzees making and using tools - a behaviour previously believed to separate humans from other animals.
In 1977, she founded the Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education and Conservation (JGI) to provide ongoing support for field research on wild chimpanzees. The Institute directly supports or contributes to many programmes and projects including: field research activities based at the Gombe Stream Research Centre; the Chimpanzoo Programme - an international research project dedicated to the study of chimpanzees living in zoos and other captive settings; sanctuaries for orphaned chimpanzees located in the Congo, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda which provide support for the rehabilitation and conservation of chimpanzees; and an international environmental education and humanitarian programme for youth, entitled `Roots and Shoots', which promotes hands-on activities which lead to a better understanding of environmental, animal and community issues in more than 30 countries.
Jane Goodall's tireless dedication has brought wildlife conservation and environmental issues to the attention of millions of people around the world.
Dr. Stephen O. Andersen
Stephen Andersen's accomplishments in ozone protection encompass problem solving, public education and community involvement.
He conceptualized and implemented the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, which he continues to co-chair and which has become a model for independent, international and technical assessment. He put together teams of experts from governments and industry to work with developing countries on ozone protection, laying the groundwork for technology-sharing and multilateral financing. He catalyzed the involvement of national military programmes, defense contractors and space agencies to develop and implement solutions to ozone protection, including new approaches to revising military procurement. He has brokered agreements between industry and environmental groups to facilitate technically and economically successful replacements of ozone depleting chemicals in diverse industries including food packaging, oil production and automobile air conditioning. He developed an award programme to promote individual, governmental and corporate efforts to protect the ozone layer.
His work has broadened to encompass climate change, and he has already brought about an agreement between the United States and the Japanese Governments and industry to promote alternatives to perfluorocompounds in semi-conductor manufacture.
He is the recipient of awards from the Sao Paolo State. UNEP, the Mobile Air Conditioning Society and the International Cooperative for Ozone Layer Protection.
She has led more than 50 expeditions, and has authored some 70 publications. In 1969, she participated in the Tektite project where scientists lived for weeks in an enclosed habitat on the ocean floor 50 feet below the surface. By this time, she had spent more than 1,000 research hours under water, more than any other scientist who participated in the programme.
In 1970, she led the all-female Tektite II expedition. With the aim of making the public aware of the damage being done to the aquasphere, she became an outspoken advocate of undersea research, and began to write for National Geographic and to produce books and films. In 1979, Earle walked untethered on the sea floor at a lower depth than any human before or since. She travelled 1,250 feet below the ocean's surface off the island of Oahu, and then detached herself from the vessel to explore the ocean floor.
In 1982, she started Deep Ocean Engineering and Deep Ocean Technologies which design and build undersea vehicles, which make it possible for scientists to maneuver at depths that defy existing technology. She is the recipient of many international awards and has been the subject of many articles and TV programmes.
Pennsylvania Senior Environment Corps - (PaSEC)
The Pennsylvania Senior Environment Corps (PaSEC) is the first partnership in the United States between the State Department of Aging and Environmental Protection. This private sector programme is the Environmental Alliance for Senior Involvement (EASI) - a national non-profit coalition dedicated to increasing the involvement of older citizens in environmental volunteerism.
PaSEC's goals are to: increase the involvement of older citizens in local environmental problem-solving; provide quality-controlled environmental information on environmental concerns throughout the state; change the traditional view of seniors from frail to vigorous; improve the health of retired citizens who are not traditional volunteers; use skills and leadership capabilities developed through lifetimes of experience; involve home- bound and frail elderly in productive community activities; and create a sustainable, community-based resource for inter-generational mentoring in a positive, productive setting.
In 1997, the year PaSEC was founded, 300 senior citizens volunteered to participate in this project. In the first two years water quality monitoring was undertaken, and some 250 stream sites are being tested monthly for state-identified parameters. Twice annually, the volunteers carry out stream habitat assessment and bio-surveys, and all collected data is entered into an electronic database developed by EASI.
Robert M. Hager
Robert M. Hager, a correspondent in the Washington DC bureau of NBC News Network, has been a leader in covering global environmental issues on United States television, and in particular the issues of ozone depletion and global warming.
He has been notably courageous among TV commentators in linking weather and climate events to global warming, and has been a positive and important voice for the environment in the media. His reports, reaching millions of Americans daily on NBC's Evening News, the Today Show and the new MS/NBC Cable News station, have been factual, direct and forceful, always emphasizing a strong and sound environmental component.
As a good reporter, Hager believes that the facts must speak for themselves and those facts clearly point to a changing climate. He has been one of the few television voices alerting the American people to this major global environmental problem. In the past year, he has reported on major climactic events, such as Hurricane Mitch and the El Nino phenomenon. He related these intense storms to the threat of global warming - while US industry has campaigned against this view and most TV correspondents have largely ignored or downplayed the climate change issue.
He reported on the Bush Administration's attempts to deny the problem's existence and their efforts to support industry's views. Hager reported comprehensively on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) scandals in the early 1980s when the EPA Administrator, under President Reagan, tried to dismantle much of the Agency's regulatory capacity. Ultimately, she was forced to resign. He covered the Love Canal, Times Beach and other toxic waste crises, such as the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant leak.
Every year, since the early 1970s, he has ranked in the top 10 among major TV network correspondents based on frequency of appearance on the evening news, ranking first in 1996 and 1997 and second in 1998. He won an Emmy Award in 1990, and in 1993 he was inducted into the Silver Circle Honor Society of journalists in Washington.
Sven Olof Lindblad
ven Olof Lindblad's company, Lindblad Expeditions, is a world leader in responsible tourism. Through his personal commitment to conservation and the environment, he has donated the use of his company's vessels to host symposia, which bring together decision-makers from Mexico and Central America and conservation practitioners. These dialogues have resulted in the establishment of protected areas in the Bay Islands off the north coast of Honduras as well as Mexico's Gulf of California.
For the past five years, he has been an engaged and constructive member of WWF's National Council, and his company has provided important financial support to several WWF conservation efforts. He offered the use of one of his ships at cost, foregoing profit during the high season, so that WWF could hold its Board meeting in the Sea of Cortez. This meeting resulted in contributions of some US$2 million for conservation in the Sea of Cortez.
In addition to educating their travellers about natural history and conservation, Lindblad is committed to initiating partnerships with NGOs, protected area managers, local communities and other stakeholders in the primary destinations where they operate. He contributed more than US$250,000 to grassroots NGOs, e.g. for a guide-training course in Baja California and a trail in St. Lucia, West Indies. The latter initiative has generated more than US$1 million to the local economy. He initiated the Galapagos Conservation Fund whose contributions have already exceeded US$500,000.
In collaboration with the US Tour Operators Association, he established a Travelers' Conservation Foundation (TCF) made up of a range of companies associated with the tourism industry - a few of them without any previous involvement in conservation. TCF made its first grant of US$500,000 to Mesa Verde. Lindblad launched a Kids at Sea Programme, where children from inner city high schools get a chance to see the world.
Lindblad Expeditions carries out its activities in an environmentally responsible way and is an example many other tourism companies should follow.
Amazon Conservation Team - (ACT)
The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT) is a creative and effective organization devoted to protecting native cultures and ecosystems in the American tropics.
ACT was founded in 1995 by a group of conservationists to address a pressing need for a new kind of environmental organization that would work in true partnership with indigenous peoples to preserve their ancient wisdom and cultures, as well as the lands that sustain them. These conservationists, from Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Suriname and the United States with centuries of field experience among them, have developed new and effective conservation strategies and programmes by combining western science and technology with tribal wisdom.
ACT's unique approach has added a much-needed complement to the work being done by larger, traditional environmental organizations. A cornerstone of the ACT approach is the Shaman's Apprentice Programme, whereby young members of indigenous tribes train with traditional shamans and other elders to become both the healers and environmental guardians of the next generation.
The most recent culmination of the ACT’s efforts was the second annual meeting of the most ancient and powerful shamans of the northwest Amazon (and their apprentices). At this unprecedented gathering, 42 shamans from seven tribes put aside their tribal differences and worked cooperatively to seize control of their environmental and cultural destinies, which they believe to be inextricably intertwined. ACT is working with these indigenous people and the Colombian Government to create a new category of protected area: Indigenous Reserves and Sacred Sites. The first 10,000-hectare site has already been established. In the northwest of the Amazon, ACT has partnered with the Tirio Indians to map their traditional homeland, an area of more than 20 million acres, and is helping them petition the Government for title to these lands. ACT is actively involved with these and other tribes to sustainably manage their forests for Brazil nuts and other non-timber products giving important economic value to ecosystem protection.
ACT is a powerful example of what can be accomplished by a small, dedicated team of people who share the same philosophy and vision. It is a model that should be replicated around the world.
Adult Award Winner in 1987.
The popular American musician who has done much to promote environmental causes through his music.
Adult Award Winner in 1987
A committed world leader in Antarctic conservation and an internationally celebrated photographer who, through the medium of photography, has brought into sharp public visibility life in Antarctica and potential threats to the region.
Bruno Zehnder died in a fierce Antarctica storm in July 1997 at age 52.