Lynton Keith Caldwell
Dr. Caldwell has participated in numerous environmental projects with the UN, UNESCO, OAS, IUCN and the International Joint Commission of Canada and the United States of America. He has published 10 books and over 200 scholarly articles. He was a leading participant in the drafting of the United States of America's National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 and the principal elements of this Act are now being utilised by 30 governments and international agencies in the USA, Australia, Canada, Japan, and the European Community. Dr. Caldwell has served on numerous scientific policy boards and commissions. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, among others, and an honorary member of the International Association for Impact Assessment.
Robert Glenn Ketchum
Artist and author, Robert Glenn Ketchum, uses his exhibitions, publications and the media to bring to public attention critical environmental issues within the USA. His book "The Hudson River and the Highlands" has been used by the Hudson River Greenway Council to support and encourage community participation in greenway development. "The Tongass: Alaska's Vanishing Rain Forest" helped to mobilise nationwide support for congressional approval of the largest timber reform bill in the history of the United States and "Overlooked in America: The Success and Failure of Federal Land Management" sharply criticises the federal government for its neglected care of public land and resources.
Mr. Matthiessen is a naturalist and author who has used his art to document disappearing life forms and traditional ways of life. Matthiessen's "Wildlife in America" was the first book to document the environmental decline of the USA. His expeditions have taken him to Alaska, Canada, Asia, Oceania, South America, Africa and New Guinea. In Indian Country", Matthiessen exposes the injustices still being suffered by the native peoples of America; "The Spirit of Crazy Horse" documents the US government's renewed assault on American Indians that began in the 1970s. In both fiction and non-fiction, he has been nominated for the National Book Award, which was won by "The Snow Leopard" in 1978.
President of the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society in Lincoln, and a senior scientist with the WWF. In 1968 Dr. Payne discovered that humpback whales sing songs, and his studies resulted in the 1970 album, "Songs of the Humpback Whale", thus stimulating the Save the Whale movement. Dr. Payne's current research includes a 21 -year behavioural study of the whales of Argentina, demonstrating that it is possible to study free swimming whales in the wild without injuring them. Past research from his Society includes studies of the potential disturbance to whales of sounds generated by offshore industrial development.
Starkist Seafood Company
In 1990 Starkist Seafood, the world's largest tuna fish canner, announced that it would no longer sell tuna with dolphin. As a result of this decision, 75% of the USA canned tuna market turned "dolphin safe" almost immediately.
Asian and European canners have recently followed this example. Prior to this action many Pacific tuna fishing fleets intentionally dropped their nets on dolphins because in some areas tuna swim under schools of dolphin. This fishing technique, known as "setting on dolphin", was responsible for some 100,000 dolphin deaths every year. Starkist is also actively encouraging foreign nations to use only "dolphin safe" fishing methods, and is supporting the United Nations' call for a global ban on driftnet fishing.
Dr. Shirley McGreal
Dr. McGreal is the founder and Chairwoman of the International Primate Protection League, which she established in 1973.
IPPL, which has Field Representatives in 33 countries and 13,000 members worldwide, has been in the forefront of the battle against illegal trafficking in gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees and other endangered primate species, and several notorious smugglers have been jailed or indicted because of IPPL's front-line investigations. IPPL also provides grants to primate rescue centres around the world. Recipients have included facilities in Thailand, Zambia, Brazil, Uganda, and the Congo Republic.
For 19 years, Dr. McGreal has been the publisher and editor of the International Primate Protection League Newsletter.
J. Michael McCloskey
Michael McCloskey, for 17 years the Executive Director and now Chairman of the Sierra Club, is one of the most respected and successful environmental leaders in the United States.
Under his leadership, the Sierra Club grew to 350,000 members and now has over 600,000. It works with environmental groups worldwide. Between 1987-1989, he was the originator of the first World Wilderness Inventory, a key draftsman of the UN Charter for Nature and the legislative advocate for the establishment of the Redwood National Park in Northern California in the 1960s. McCloskey refocussed the EarthCare Network, managed by the Sierra Club, to make it a truly global tool. He is or has been a member of 40 boards, and has published over 30 articles related to the environment.
He is now also Chairman of the Natural Resources Council of America.
Southern Women Against Toxins
Southern Women Against Toxics (SWAT) mobilises and empowers communities to fight the health and environmental threats posed to their communities by toxic and garbage dumps and incinerators.
SWAT works to empower the women in the grassroots environmental leadership in order that the women, if they chose to do so, can take these leadership skills into the next forum. It serves as a clearing house of information for the purpose of community education.
The Director is a speaker who has been featured in international publications and and in television shows in the United States and Japan. Campaigns and protests have successfully blocked numerous would-be hazardous waste facilities. In addition, protests have brought attention to environmental issues and citizens' rights.(This organization is no longer active.)
Thomas E. Lovejoy
During his career at the World Wildlife Fund from 1973-1987, Dr. Lovejoy founded the television series "Nature" and was awarded an Emmy for it.
In 1987, he was appointed Assistant Secretary of External Affairs of the Smithsonian Institution and serves on numerous scientific and conservation boards. Dr. Lovejoy's "Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems" project in Brazil alerted policy makers on how forests' fragmentation can accelerate the rate of extinction of species. His research resulted in the environmental impact of development projects becoming criteria for development decisions by the multilateral agencies funded by US and other creditor nations.
He also conceived the concept of debt-for-nature swaps in 1984.
"Earthwatch Radio" is a series of two-minute radio features on the environment, produced and distributed free by the Institute of Environmental Studies and the Sea Grant Institute at the University of Wisconsin.
The programme has prompted several spin-off projects, including an environmental newspaper feature series, environmental education supplements on special topics, and three paperback collections of "Earthwatch Radio" scripts, aimed at schools and libraries. The programme is aired on approximately 140 radio stations in the United States, Canada, and internationally.