Wednesday, 13 July 2011 14:39

Michael Alexandrovitch Zablotsky

Michael Alexandrovitch Zablotsky

 

A Soviet zoologist famed for his long pioneering work in breeding programmes for the endangered European bison. His work, frequently in very difficult circumstances, has led to greater protection of the bison and establishment of breeding centres in Russia.

Wednesday, 13 July 2011 03:17

Vasiliy Peskov

Vasiliy Peskov

Mr. Peskov is a journalist and ecologist who, for 15 years has been conducting the weekly Soviet TV programme "The World of Animals".

He lectures extensively on Antarctic, Africa and North America.

Wednesday, 15 June 2011 20:35

I. T. Frolov

I. T. Frolov

Mr. Frolov is the author of a number of booklets devoted to the philosophical aspects of the environment and the global problems facing humanity. He was also editing-chief of a number of publications related to similar subjects. Frolov now heads the Scientific Council on Philosophical and Social Problems of Science and Technology of the Academy of Science of Russia. Frolov is a member of the International Board of the Ecoforum and Peace movement.


Wednesday, 08 June 2011 17:35

Maria V. Cherkasova

Maria V. Cherkasova

Maria Cherkasova, a Russian biologist and journalist, successfully coordinated a grassroots campaign to halt construction of a hydro-electric dam on the River Kantun in the former Soviet Union's mountainous Altai region. The dam threatened to pollute drinking water, destroy wildlife, flood and erode land.

The Socio Ecological Union, an umbrella organization for 200 Soviet environmental groups, served as the campaign's base of operations. Due to these efforts, independent scientists associated with the environmental NG0s participated in official expert commissions organized in 1987, 1988 and 1989. The movement raised environmental consciousness and led to some of the nation's first environmental conferences.


Thursday, 02 June 2011 13:48

Nikita Nikolaevich Moiseev

Nikita Nikolaevich Moiseev

Mr. N. N. Moiseev is a scientist in the field of environmental protection as well a education. Under his leadership the first mathematical pattern of biosphere was developed. He also developed the Nuclear Winter Hypothesis, which forced nuclear States to stop nuclear tests and the use of nuclear weapons in order to save the biosphere. He is a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, whose spectrum of interests and activities brought him from computing military missile trajectories to mathematical modelling of the pernicious effects of a large scale nuclear war to his current involvement in environmental activities aimed at protecting future generations. He organized the Russian Section of the Green Cross International and became its first President. In 1992, he was one of the initiators of the establishment of the International Independent University of Ecology in Moscow, which promotes environmental awareness, and possibly, making it the first non-governmental humanitarian university in the world.

Sunday, 22 May 2011 00:41

Tatyana Fyodorovna Stepanenko

Tatyana Fyodorovna Stepanenko


In 1975, when Russian Tatyana Fyodorovna Stepanenko went to work at Vodokanal, a state enterprise in St. Petersburg, she set her sights on finding ways to limit levels of waste dumped into the Newa River system and the Baltic Sea. She wrote, "... the sewage waters of industrial enterprises of St. Petersburg are discharged without any surveying whatsoever...". Soon after, not only did she find high levels of extremely polluted waste water discharged by industry, but many of those industries were part of the defense complex. Her work posed enormous challenges: environmental protection was not high on the policy agenda and the defense industry was not obliged to follow the few environmental regulations in place. Tatyana Stepanenko persevered. In the end, she established an information collection system of the industrial waste dumped into the water. The findings prompted the Government to draft regulations for industry that included supervisory measures and a system of fees structured according to a polluter pays principle. The goal she set out to achieve took 18 years. The policy Tatyana Stepanenko helped develop is now in force in all Russian townships. But this is not the end of her story. In 1994, she established a fund for the fees collected from polluters to finance projects to improve the ecology and urban environment. Today she is director of Vodokanal and organizes seminars to educate industry about protecting seas and waterways.
Wednesday, 04 May 2011 02:01

Feodor Konyukhov

Yuri Luzhkov, Mayor of the City of Moscow, is a leader committed to sustainable urban development and whose campaign promises have already begun to materialize.

He has removed environmentally unsafe industries from the capital, and established an environmental procurator's office as well as a special police department for environmental protection for the Moscow region.

He has contributed to the stabilization of air pollution from cars by improving fuel quality, equipment of municipal transport by installing catalytic converters, and the flow of traffic by altering the City's routes.

He has placed a full ban on the use of leaded fuel and has set new standards on the construction of ring highways, which must meet certain environmental requirements. He also established a new policy whereby the use of coal in thermal power stations and by large industries has been replaced by natural gas. As a result, carbon dioxide emissions have been reduced significantly.

He has enforced the law requiring the renewal of purifying systems in industrial plants and has changed the way in which galvanic processes are undertaken and centralized the use of galvanic waste, thus reducing the level of heavy metals in the Moscow River.

He introduced environmental education in the City's secondary schools and institutions of higher learning.


Wednesday, 04 May 2011 01:53

Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov

Yuri Mikhailovich Luzhkov

Yuri Luzhkov, Mayor of the City of Moscow, is a leader committed to sustainable urban development and whose campaign promises have already begun to materialize.

He has removed environmentally unsafe industries from the capital, and established an environmental procurator's office as well as a special police department for environmental protection for the Moscow region.

He has contributed to the stabilization of air pollution from cars by improving fuel quality, equipment of municipal transport by installing catalytic converters, and the flow of traffic by altering the City's routes.

He has placed a full ban on the use of leaded fuel and has set new standards on the construction of ring highways, which must meet certain environmental requirements. He also established a new policy whereby the use of coal in thermal power stations and by large industries has been replaced by natural gas. As a result, carbon dioxide emissions have been reduced significantly.

He has enforced the law requiring the renewal of purifying systems in industrial plants and has changed the way in which galvanic processes are undertaken and centralized the use of galvanic waste, thus reducing the level of heavy metals in the Moscow River.

He introduced environmental education in the City's secondary schools and institutions of higher learning.


Russian Association of the Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON)

The Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) was established in 1990 at a Congress of Indigenous People in Russia. With a membership of 190,000 and 29 regional chapters, RAIPON's primary objective is to protect and promote the rights and interests of indigenous people in Siberia and the Far East of the country.

RAIPON has organized several campaigns dealing with the conservation of forests and animal species. It recently held a seminar for leaders of the 29 regional chapters on environmental problems affecting the traditional lifestyles of indigenous peoples in the Russian North. As a result of this meeting, they prepared the first assessment and action plan for the environment in Arctic Russia ever made by indigenous people.

After the seminar, the participants expressed an enormous sense of empowerment and encouragement to do something. RAIPON is a permanent member of the Arctic Council, where it has contributed to the Council's work in protecting the Arctic environment and the region's flora and fauna. Without their energy the issue of involving indigenous knowledge in protecting the environment of Arctic Russia would have been almost nonexistent.

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