Fundacion Peruana para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza
Since its inception in 1985, the Peruvian Foundation for the Conservation of nature (FPCN) has been a leader in conserving biological diversity in Peru.
Through agreements with the Peruvian Government, FPCN provides on-site management to nine of Peru's 25 protected areas. These areas make up nearly 85 per cent of the lands currently included in Peru's national system of protected areas. No other non-governmental organization (NGO) in Latin America manages as many conservation units over such a large geographic area.
FPCN has become one of the leading NGOs in Latin America working with pilot projects in sustainable forestry. FPCN is an advisor to the Ministry of Tourism and has played a major role in the establishment of Peru's national trust fund for protected areas.
In 1992, FPCN was elected to Chair the Peruvian Network of Environmental Organizations and its school campaign has reached 15,000 students via talks, videos and art concerts.
FPCN has been instrumental in drafting a proposed new national forestry law for Peru to be presented to the Peruvian Congress in 1994. FPCN has eight offices, three regional offices, and four field offices with a staff of 105.
Lillehammer Olympic Organizing Committee and Project for an Environment-Friendly Olympics
The Lillehammer Olympic Committee and the Project for an Environment-Friendly Olympics set an environmental standard, which was conspicuously absent in previous Olympics and which will undoubtedly set a precedent. The Project for an Environment-Friendly Olympics, comprising mainly NGOs, originally opposed the games in Lillehammer for environmental reasons, however, they decided to work with the Olympic Committee to ensure that most of the venues as well as transportation plans were designed to cause as little ecological damage as possible. Authorities used various economic instruments to ensure a green approach. For example, fines were levied for the number of trees felled. In addition, an ice rink was built inside a mountain so as o save energy for heating; battery-powered ice machines were used instead of propane gas-fuelled ones so as to keep the bobsled track cold; and the bobsled course was designed to blend in with the forest on the fringes of the mountains outside Lillehammer. Many of the structures in the Olympic village can be disassembled and rebuilt as housing in other parts of Norway. The plates, utensils and cups, used by food vendors, were also designed with the environment in mind, as they were made from a material which could be fed to livestock once they had been used. Hotels and other facilities were built so as to mix with the decor of the village and all vehicles were banned from Lillehammer during the games.
The Chosun Ilbo
The Chosun Ilbo is the oldest, and most widely circulated newspaper in Korea. Through a series of articles this publication shed light on waste pollution and methods for its reduction and instilled in the public that they too can make viable contributions, through practical adjustments in their everyday lives.
The Chosun Ilbo produced and distributed paper bags for recycling newspapers in 28 cities. By the end of 1992, 11 million paper bags had been distributed and were effectively used, with 2.2 million copies of newspaper not going to waste everyday. A recycling headquarters was established by July 1992.
The Chosun Ilbo produced two guidebooks on waste: Waste not to be thrown away and Let's Learn About Waste, aimed at educating the public. They also developed the "Let's Pitch in the Waste Reducing Campaign" which drew the participation of the Republic's President.
They organized and sponsored the International Symposium on Solid Waste Recycling Technology and hosted environmental cultural events including an environmental music concert in October 1992, using the slogan Don't Waste Wastes.
A number of popular musical groups and personalities performed with the aim of spreading environmental awareness. They launched and hosted a 14 km bicycle riding campaign in cooperation with the Korean Olympic Cycling Committee at the Olympic Stadium in which 1,500 people participated.
The Chosun Ilbo received the Medal of Merit from the Korean Government and the International Olympic Committee Environment Trophy.
Zhongwei Gusha Forestry Farm
Natural conditions are bad in the Zhongwei Gusha Forestry Farm region, with annual rainfall of 80 mm accompanied by yearly evaporation of about 3,000 mm. Founded in 1957 the farm is responsible for dune-fixing and for defending China's first desert line.
Over the past three decades 67.38 million seedlings have been grown; 55.12 million trees planted; 680,000 acres of land covered with grass hedges; and orchards built on 1,130 acres. These have formed an 800-metre-wide green protective screen on either side of the 55-km Zhongwei-Gantang rail line. The number of windy and dusty days in a year have been reduced from 330 to 122. The above measures have effectively protected cultivated land and provided 280,000 acres of fertile farmland. In addition, biological varieties increase daily.
There are now 147 kinds of animals and 260 plant species that thrive in the forests. The region encompasses 12 kinds of wild creatures and 453 species of plants. The farm yields output worth 100 million yuan a year. The farm has won several awards including a special National Scientific Progress Prize.
CenterStage Children's Theatre Troupe
The CenterStage Childen's Theatre Troupe is a group of young performers, ages eight to 20, who take their original musicals to schools, communities and conventions and represents 20 who take their original musicals to schools, communities and conventions an represents 20 school districts from Wisconsin. Their flagship musical, To Save the Planet, is about the global environment and has been performed 115 times for over 43,000 people. It is inter-generational and illustrates the consequences of our actions on the environment. The members have become ambassadors for the environment and have joined forces with the Children's Alliance for Protection of the Environment (CAPE). They work in separate schools to organize environmental clubs and CAPE chapters. They help to clean up neighbourhoods, recycle and conserve. The American Library Association's Book list reviewed the cast album and said "a thoroughly professional, polished performance". And Wisconsin's Governor said To Save the Planet is a shining example of the type of work that must be done today to ensure our happiness and livelihood tomorrow". By selling the script to schools, hundreds of kids across the United States of America have been able to put on the musical themselves. It has been performed abroad by schools in Mexico, Taipei, Taiwan and Peru.
Fundacion Ecologica Arcoiris
Fundacion Ecologica Arcoiris, an ecological NGO in southern Ecuador, focuses on the protection of the Podocarpus National Park. Founded in 1989 by a group of university students, it has grown into an important regional organization, made up of volunteers, students and interested persons whose activities range from environmental education to scientific investigation to lobbying and public awareness. One of their first actions was education in schools and universities (a transition which continues) through lectures, conferences and field trips. They also make scientific investigations of the plant and animal life of the Park. In 1992, they completed a study of the threatened Mountain Tapir and of the Romerillo, the only native conifer of Ecuador. They also monitor bird species. One of the major threats to the Park is mining and logging which Arcoiris is trying to keep out. In 1993, they succeeded in pressuring a Norwegian mining company to leave the Park. They were also able to stop two proposed roads that would have opened the Park to further destruction from mining and logging. In March 1993, Arcoiris won a long court battle that mandates the Ministry of Agriculture to stop granting mining contracts within the Park.
Kids For Coral
Kids for Coral, begun four years ago on the Island of Guam, was designed as a year-long project for seventh graders, however, due to the members' enthusiasm and a feeling that there was still much to be done, the project has continued. Kids for Coral now boasts a membership of 125, comprising students from grades seven to twelve.
When Kids for Coral was formed, Guam was undergoing tremendous growth. Erosion at construction sites resulted in sediment washing into the oceans and suffocating coral reefs. In some areas, up to 90 per cent of the reefs were damaged or destroyed. Poaching, sewage outfall, overfishing and harvesting of live coral also contributed to reef destruction. The goal of Kids for Coral has been to promote awareness of this issue and of the importance of preserving coral reefs.
Highlights of their achievements include: Reef Motif art show at Guam's art gallery; beach clean-ups; window displays on reefs; articles in newspapers; testimony at hearings against underwater observatory; save the reef week; island-wide essay contest; presentations at public and private schools; fundraising; publication of newsletter Reef Briefs; radio and TV talk shows; and conferences for 350 middle school students on the subject.
The Municipal Ecologic Brigade
The Municipal Ecologic Brigade was founded in 1992 as a youth movement for young people between the ages of six and 18 years of age. Their focus is environmental awareness. It has more than 4000 members and operates throughout Nicaragua.
In collaboration with local authorities, they coordinate environmental activities such as seed collection, creation of tree nurseries, waste disposal, clean-up campaigns and reforestation. This Brigade represents the fastest growing civic movements in Nicaragua and their motto is: "For our Future we are the Brigades".
The Bangkok Post
In 1992, the Bangkok Post held an Environmental Awareness Campaign, in which 21 of Thailand's leading advertising agencies were asked to come up with an eye-catching environmental message in the form of a full page advertisement, which the newspaper ran for several months free of charge. That same year, the Bangkok Post launched a tree planting project in Hyay Kha Kaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, in which a percentage of every long-term subscription to the newspaper was given to the Rajapruck Foundation for the purchase of tree saplings. From September 1992 until the project ended in August 1993, the Post gave more than US$100,000 for the purchase of 35,000 saplings, which were planted in the buffer zone of the sanctuary.
The Bangkok Post's promotion of environmental awareness, however, dates back long before that. In 1981, when environmental problems in the minds of most readers were synonymous only with pollution, it started a "Nature Notebook" column covering environmental issues such as deforestation, desertification, hazardous wastes, population growth, disappearing flora and fauna, genetic diversity and pollution. The column was phased out in early 1993, but by then several Post reporters were regularly writing about the environment.
To date, their reports on environmental problems and in-depth coverage of environmental issues and concerns can be read on a regular basis, not only on the news pages, but in other sections of the paper such as Business, Outlook, Horizons and Perspective, making the Bangkok Post the leading newspaper dealing with the environment not only in Thailand but in the Southeast Asian region.
For its environmental awareness campaign, the Bangkok Post was awarded the first prize in community promotions at the Annual Marketing Newspaper Association Conference in Australia in 1993 and the Social Responsibility Marketing Award from the Ninth Thailand Marketing Awards later that same year.
Television Trust for the Environment
Set up in 1984, Television Trust for the Environment (TVE) works to raise public awareness through audiovisual media, placing particular emphasis on promoting issues relevant to developing countries and on building up programme-making capacities in these countries.
In 1987, TVE launched the "Moving Pictures" service to provide a wide range of high quality films and videos to TV stations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other educational agencies in low and middle income countries. Since its launch, "Moving Pictures" has enabled over 128 countries to broadcast over 5000 films one or more times and sent out over 16,000 videos to NGOs.
For ten years, TVE has supplied environmental programmes for Worldwide Television News (WTN). TVE and WTN just formalized their association by joining forces to co-produce a new television series "Agenda 21". The series provides TVE with a new means to help producers and film crews based in developing countries and countries in transition. TVE co-productions have won over 120 international awards, including Emmys, Prix Italias and BAFTAs.