An Italian NGO concerned with marine pollution. Through its highly publicised "floating plastic hunts" Mare Vivo is helping to clean up coastal waters and focus public attention on marine pollution.
The head of the Sicilian branch of the Italian Navy League which encourages officials and scientists to protect marine environments. The branch has produced more than 30 publications on the subject, including the Italian language version of the Mediterranean action plan to protect and manage the marine environment and its resources. The league stimulates marine research and management through its "man of the sea" awards.
For the past three decades Dr. Holt, a marine biologist, has been a leader in marine mammal conservation.
He organised the 1976 Bergen Conference, which defined the status of marine mammals and led to the 1984 global plan of action for the conservation, management and utilisation of marine mammals.
His expertise contributed to the adoption in 1982 of the worldwide moratorium on commercial whaling by the international whaling commission, and the designation of the Indian Ocean as a whale sanctuary.
Professor Oscar Ravera
Professor Oscar Ravera is a pioneer in the field of freshwater ecology in Italy. Over a three-decade period, he has made significant contributions to intellectual, scientific and theoretical approaches to environmental concerns. He has published more than 200 scientific papers (in Italian, English and French) on lakes, water research, ecology, pollution and on other environmental issues. Topics covered include the anthropogenic nutrient overload of waters causing eutrophication, the effects of ionizing radiation and nuclear fall-out on aquatic environments, general questions about the meaning and role of ecology in environmental sciences, as well as questions regarding environmental ethics.
In addition to his internationally acclaimed research activities, Ravera has had considerable involvement as advisor to the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), in formulating environmental research programmes to be undertaken at its Joint Research Center in Ispra, Italy. His voice has made a significant impact throughout the European Community. In non-CEC programmes, he acted as supervisor of the 'Alpine Programme', which was part of the 18 country OECD International Programme on eutrophication.
He is a member of the bilateral Commission between Italy and Switzerland regarding the protection of Alpine lakes, scientific coordinator of UNESCO's International Expert Group on the lagoons of Venice, and he has been associated with several other national and international projects. As teacher and advisor to students and study groups, his invaluable guidance is not limited to Italy, but involves students in universities in France, Germany and Holland.
Professor Ravera is co-founder, president and secretary of the Italian Society of Ecology (SITE), and in collaboration with Professor Moroni of Parma, he has put the environment on a firm footing in the academic community of Italy. SITE has grown into one of the most active and influential ecological societies in the world, and today, thanks to SITE, all Italian universities have a chair of ecology.
The Triciclo Centre, run by 22 members and numerous volunteers, some of whom are disabled, was established in 1996 to promote the reuse of discarded materials, such as clothes, furniture, books, toys and domestic tools, in a creative and innovative way. It also provides information on the various issues dealing with waste and their alternative uses.
Triciclo also obtains and disseminates information about the experience of other countries in Europe and Africa in this area. Since it began its activities of selling objects that people throw away, Tricicolo has cooperated with schools to sensitize students about environmental problems and on the composition of materials that are used in every day life. Triciclo stimulates their interest by showing them how they can be reused and suggests alternative uses for them. Triciclo clears public places and private houses of old things and selects and sells materials to recycling centers and to handicraft laboratories, which repair second-hand items.
A permanent exhibit on waste recycling, on works of art made of recycled materials and on research done in this field has been put up by Triciclo in two municipalities in Torino.