Ully Sigar is a popular Indonesian cultural figure whose folk songs have helped create environmental awareness in Indonesia and Malaysia.
She is active with environmental NG0s in Indonesia, taking her musical performances to villages.
An Indonesian scholar whose research has broadened understanding of the intricate relationships between population, resources, environment and development.
Ms. Eroh is an Indonesian villager who in 1985 led her community in West Java in constructing a water channel across four kilometres of rough mountainside. Three villages benefitted from the water supply and increased their rice production. In recognition of her achievements the Indonesian Government in 1988 honoured her with the Kalpataru (Tree of Life) Award.
Suryo Wardhoyo Prawiroatmodjo
Dr. Prawiroattnodjo, veterinarian, initiated the establishment of Pusat Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup (PPLH), an environmental education centre in East Java, Indonesia.
The aim of the centre is to stimulate awareness and extend conservation education to all parts of Indonesia and South East Asia. The centre activities are mostly of a practical nature covering veterinary practice, observation, and field work along with other practical examples.
He also joined the Green Indonesia Foundation to help them spread environmental education.
Participatory Development Forum (PDF)
Participatory Development Forum was launched in 1972 by a group of women leaders in Indonesia to develop an accessible freshwater supply plan through community self-help.
Bumiredjo Village lacked a safe water supply system and the only accessible water was a contaminated river. Following a serious epidemic that killed many people, the villagers built a water supply structure of tanks and bamboo pipes. These were later replaced by funds from CIDA. Now diarrhoea epidemics and skin disease incidents have dropped markedly, and the infant mortality rate fell from 125 per 1,000 in 1980 to 80 per 1,000 in 1990.
As first Executive Director of the Indonesian Environmental Forum (WALHI) and founding member of Friends of the Environment Fund (DML), Erna Witoelar is a leading force behind Indonesia's environmental movement. She is also a leading consumer advocate in her country and is now the President of the International Organisation of Consumers Unions (IOCU).
Witoelar initiated several nationwide environmental campaigns, and has written extensively on topics covering the environment and consumer protection. She is a strong promotor of the role of NG0s in the development process at national and international level for 20 years. She has served on the Advisory Committee of the Brundfland Commission, and was a member of the Commission on Developing Countries and Global Changes.
Bahuddin Hi Pabbite
Eighty year-old Bahuddin Hi Pabbite, better known as Pak Tua, has since 1940 been alone in his fight to preserve the Maleo Bird - long before the Government of Indonesia put this species on the endangered list. The Maleo, who lives in Tomini Bay in Central Sulawesi Province, has been threatened for decades by human predators who steal their eggs. An illiterate man, he lives a very simple existence in an unsuitable house along a beach where the Maleo lays its eggs, so that he can protect its offspring. During the egg laying season, he collects the eggs and puts them in a traditional hatchery box measuring 100x50x50 cm3 which accommodates approximately 40 to 80 eggs. After about three months, the eggs hatch and seven days later the small birds are released into their natural habitat. Pak Tua determines their ability to survive when these chicks are able to crack gravel, dig in sand, run and fly. Although this noble work is not appreciated by the village people, Pal Tua has not lost his enthusiasm and still finds much satisfaction in this lifelong work. He is the winner of his country's 1994 Kalpataru Award in the Environmental Pioneer category.Bahuddin Hi Pabbite
Siti Aminah is Head of the environmental NGO, Yayasan Solidaritas Bangsa (LSB) in Indonesia, which has received a Global Environment Facility (GEF) biodiversity grant. The aim of the 24-month project is to bring the mangrove forest back to the Semangat Baru Area in Labuhan Mapin fishing village. LSB, mobilized by two young women and led by Ms. Aminah, has already gained the trust of local communities and authorities. The Forestry Department has even requested that their fishermen trainees obtain direct guidance and training from the two women on how to prevent land degradation, manage land erosion areas and explore the Sumbawa coastal areas to improve local community skills and income-generating capabilities. LSB started its activities by planting mangrove saplings, which they collected from an uninhabited island. With their determination and enthusiasm they have brought back the fish and crustaceans to their breeding areas along the shores; increased local people's awareness in preserving the environment; trained people who can promote this effort in other areas; and contributed to the emergence of new groups who will rehabilitate more critical areas in Sumbawa and other islands in the Lesser Sunda Islands. At 25 years of age, Ms. Aminah has established herself as an informal leader of the community and has been accepted without any friction by a society where most leadership positions are traditionally held by men.Siti Aminah