Commandant Cousteau is a distinguished marine explorer and inventor of deep-sea diving equipment. He pioneered conservation of marine resources worldwide through his writings, lectures and award winning films.
In 1989, he was inducted into the famous Académie Française, France's highest form of recognition for lifetime cultural contributions. In 1991, the Catalan Institute of Mediterranean Studies in Barcelona awarded Captain Cousteau its International Catalan Prize. The Smithsonian Institution in Washington honored Cousteau with the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal in 1996.
Captain Cousteau was an official guest at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The following year, he was appointed to the UN High-Level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development and agreed to serve as advisor on environmentally sustainable development to the World Bank. That same year, the President of France named him Chairman of a newly-created Council on the Rights of Future Generations; Captain Cousteau resigned this post in 1995 to protest France's resumption of nuclear testing in the Pacific.
Through The Cousteau Society, which he founded in 1973, the Captain focused his efforts to protect and improve the quality of life for present and future generations. Supported by contributions from members and the public, the Society has carried out expeditions throughout the world to document humanity's interaction with natural ecosystems, and to rouse the consciousness of Earth's citizens.
some text is from http://www.cousteausociety.org/
Dr. Michel Batisse
A senior environmental adviser to UNESCO and the French Government, Dr. Batisse has developed a number of international environmental programmes such as the Mediterranean Blue Plan, the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAP), the international hydrological decade, and the arid lands project.
He has promoted the concept of biosphere reserves and the world heritage convention, and has written extensively on environmental and natural resources issues.
Les Amis de la Terre
This French NGO is related to the network of friends of the earth. The organisation works on general issues such as water pollution, air and atmosphere, energy, waste, agriculture. They publish general reports on these issues.
A French ecologist noted for his research on tropical ecosystems and mammals. Dr. Bourliere was from 1963 to 1966 President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). He has served in senior positions in several international projects, including as chairman from 1971-75 of the UNESCO man and biosphere programme and chairman of the International Association for Eecology (INTECOL), 1982-1986.
In 1989, Edwige Guillon, (founder member and National Secretary of "Le Jour de la Terre" - Earth-Day France), resident of Saint-Calais, approached school directors to persuade them to teach children about environmental issues.
As a result, teachers, most of them women, developed projects for the children on paper recycling: "don't throw away any more,trees". Conferences, exhibitions and treeplanting programmes were held and state schools participated. Several collections of waste paper have been organised while waiting for permanent containers. The behaviour towards their environment of the 32,000 residents of Saint-Calais and the surrounding area is improving.
Francesco di Castri
As early as 1965, Francesco di Castri was involved in the study of ecological sciences. He is the Coordinator for the Environment in UNESCO, Paris and has written 12 important scientific volumes and some 300 papers on theoretical and applied ecology.
Di Castri began his career in 1958 when he obtained his PhD in animal studies, and specialised in ecology in Pavdova University. After lecturing at the Universities of Chile and Austria, he joined UNESCO in 1971 as secretary of the MAP Intergovernmental Council.
Brigitte Bardot, founder of the "Fondation Brigitte Bardot," has been very active in promoting the protection of animals and improving human behaviour towards them. She has most recently been involved in advocating the protection of endangered species and gave her French Riviera estate to the Fondation which has now officially been recognised as a public utility.
In 1979, a young teacher, Charles Herve-Gruyer set sail on Fleur de Lampaul with a number of troubled children and adolescents, as well as scientists from Europe. The goal of their expedition was to study cetaceans (270 observations of 12 species were made).
In 1990, Fleur de Lampaul became the first sailship in France to offer children oceanographic courses. Documents on the marine environment are produced by the children and the scientists: 10 films - three of them for schools, 130 TV spots in more than 20 countries, 680 press stories, 600 radio broadcasts and photo exhibits in schools.
Following the success of these expeditions, European authorities decided to support the project. The sailship is in the process of being recognized as a Scientific and Technical Cultural Centre by the Ministry of Research and Technology.
In 1992, Fleur de Lampaul set off on a 26-month sailing expedition across the continents to study some of the ecosystems of our planet, including sea, desert, equatorial Africa, Amazonian forests, coral reefs, and to meet indigenous seafaring peoples.
Otil a Belaud is a women's and young people's organization in Palau engaged in serious defense of their culture, independence and the country's very unique environment.
Otil a Belaud worked against plans by Japan, Iran and the USA to base a superport oil terminal in Palau. Thanks to its efforts and those of other international environmental groups, the plan was shelved. Palau has a unique culture where land rights pass through women leaders.
There are some unrivalled ecosystems in Palau, which must be preserved and the women are determined to do this. Current environmental activities of Otil a Belaud include preservation of traditional taro swamps, lobbying for alternative sustainable energy systems, and a limit on building heights. It is an organization, which has utilized the grassroots line of communication to move more effectively.