Miguel Alvarez del Toro
Professor Alvarez del Toro, Director of the Tuxtla Gutierrez Zoo, is a researcher dealing with the study of Mexico's wildlife and nature. He is also an Honorary member of the American Ornithological Society and is regarded as the grandfather of ecologists and environment preservers in Mexico. Professor Alvarez's research and work to preserve the Chiapas regions' heritage has been published and recognised worldwide.
Aika was born on November 26, 1979 and passed away on December 27, 1991.
For a girl so young, Aika knew more about the environment than other children. She left a lasting legacy with the publication in several languages of her book Secrets of the Earth. The book tackles many of the problems pertaining to man and nature.
Presented as a comic book Secrets was a one-girl project. Aika drew the illustrations, composed the text, organized the layout and the overall presentation. The book is being used as a textbook in elementary and secondary schools in Japan and its relevance may prove useful in other countries as well.
Born in 1902, Monod has had an extremely rich and fascinating life, dominated by his passion for knowledge, adventure and justice.
He is considered one of the world's pioneers in environmental awareness and action. He graduated as a Doctor of Science in marine biology and has maintained his interest in this field throughout his life.
His early duties sent him to West Africa for the development of fisheries, and there he discovered the appeal of the desert. While he has always been recognized as a fish expert, he has become world famous for his many explorations on camel back throughout the Great Sahara desert.
He became the founder, and for 25 years, the Director of the French Institute for Black Africa (IFAN) in Dakar, Senegal, which is still the major natural history institution of French-speaking Africa.
After his retirement, at the age of 70, Monod has been active in the Academy of Sciences. He has written a number of books and hundreds of scientific papers. Monod has received many prestigious awards and decorations including "Officier de la Legion d'honneur et des Palmes academiques" and "Chevalier du Merite agricole et de l'Etoile noire". He also received the Royal Geographical Society's Gold Medal (1960) and the American Geographical Society's "Charles P. Daly" Medal (1961).
Ndyakira Ntamuhirra Amooti
Sir Nydakira Ntamuhirra Amooti was a Ugandan journalist who specialized in writing on African wildlife died of leukemia at Nsambya Hospital in 1999.
Sir Nydakira Ntamuhirra Amooti did not merely describe African wildlife, but he called world attention to the poaching and smuggling of animals for laboratory experiments, exhibitions and other forms of ill treatment. At great risk to his life and career, he has written about and exposed the practice that has enabled him to reap rewards and recognition from conservation groups around the world.
Joseph Makabuza Kabirizi
Mr. Joseph Makabuza Kabirizi spent nearly 30 years working with the "Institut Zairois pour la conservation de la nature (IZCN)", before dying tragically on 24 October 1993 as a result of a road accident.
He was the IZCN Regional Director for North Kivu, Eastern Zaire.
As a warden first, Mr. Makabuza worked in most of the national parks and reserves of Zaire and had acquired outstanding experience in protected area management and conservation. His numerous qualities had enabled him to be appreciated by his colleagues and superiors as well as by the international conservation community. In his last position, he designed and started implementing a new decentralized scheme for IZCN.
Given his experience in gorilla conservation, he was nominated as the Zairian national representative for the International Gorilla Conservation Programme.
Nikita Nikolaevich Moiseev
Mr. N. N. Moiseev is a scientist in the field of environmental protection as well a education. Under his leadership the first mathematical pattern of biosphere was developed. He also developed the Nuclear Winter Hypothesis, which forced nuclear States to stop nuclear tests and the use of nuclear weapons in order to save the biosphere. He is a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, whose spectrum of interests and activities brought him from computing military missile trajectories to mathematical modelling of the pernicious effects of a large scale nuclear war to his current involvement in environmental activities aimed at protecting future generations. He organized the Russian Section of the Green Cross International and became its first President. In 1992, he was one of the initiators of the establishment of the International Independent University of Ecology in Moscow, which promotes environmental awareness, and possibly, making it the first non-governmental humanitarian university in the world.
Mr. Tamir has been a journalist, a politician, a diplomat and more recentl head of Israel's umbrella NGO "Life and Environment" which brings together all the non-governmental environmental groups in Israel.
As a senior statesman of the environmental movement, Mr. Tamir's contributions and role in Israeli environmentalism is important both historically and in the context of the present efforts being made in the environmental movement. He is the author of The Environment - One Universe.
He has received a number of awards, including: First Prize from the Ministry of the Interior, for significant achievements in the quality of the environment (1977); the Council of Beautiful Israel Award to "Israel's Quality of Life and Environment Pioneer and Champion" (1979); Quality of Life Award of the Knesset Speaker (for elevating environmental issues to the forefront of the Knesset agenda as well as of local authorities and public institutions) (1983).
He organized the opposition, which prevented the building of hotels on the sea front, which would obstruct sea-breezes in the direction of Tel Aviv's interior.
Dr. Edgar Wayburn
Dr. Edgar Wayburn, is a Sierra Club volunteer who in the course of 50 years of environmental work has saved 106,271.000 acres of public protected land.
At 87 years of age, he is still active in nature conservation through his role as Chairman of the International Committee of the Sierra Club and as Honorary President of the Sierra Club.
He was instrumental in establishing the Redwood National Park through his personal relationship with key national legislators and agency staff and he drafted documents and prepared and gave testimony at Government hearings.
His campaign to establish the Golden gate National Recreation Area in California were similar to his efforts for the Redwoods.
His involvement in Alaska is even more phenomenal. He and his wife tramped and canoed much of the areas and again his ability to mobilize national action was decisive. It was he who approached the Sierra Club Board to take on the issue of identifying wild areas in Alaska for protected status. He was very much involved in structuring the coalition of environmental groups, which planned the political strategy to bring about success.
His dedication to the protection of the wild is unmatched.
On 14 August 1993, Zulekha Ali, a young journalist who had made a name for herself in environmental journalism in a short career spanning just one year, lost her life to the waves while saving another girl from drowning.
She did a series of investigative environmental stories for her newspaper, The News, and almost everything she wrote triggered action because she followed up. Last July, the local town committee decided to turn the only children's park in the area into a maternity home, despite the fact that there were already several homes there. Zulekha did a story on the conversion mobilizing the community who took the matter to court. A stay order was obtained and the park was saved.
Last summer a dozen people drowned in the sea while celebrating the festival Eid. The cause? Illegal sand excavations and inadequate beach safety. Zulekha Ali highlighted this issue and as result Section 144 was imposed in the area prohibiting sand excavation.
Last May, a lethal chemical used in the dyeing industry was dumped along Lyari River, causing the death of two people. Zulekha followed the trial of the chemical and discovered that about 1,460 drums of the same chemical were laying in the customs warehouse. Zulekha's investigation revealed that a large number of chemicals were still dumped. This report resulted in the involvement of environmental agencies and thanks to her efforts toxic chemicals are not treated in the same passive way.
For Madhaviah Krishnan, 82, preservation of nature has always been an overriding passion. Since 1949, he has made his living variously as an artist, writer, naturalist, and nature photographer.
Madhaviah Krishnan's fortnightly nature column "Country Notebook", published in India's premier newspaper, The Statesman, is perhaps the longest running personal column in the history of the Indian Press. It has run without a break for the last 45 years. Through this column, Mr. Krishnan has tried to stimulate the interest of ordinary citizens in India's unique heritage of plant and animal life. He has tried to instill in the younger generation a love for nature while at the same time telling them that preservation is not the duty of the Government alone but is theirs too.
He was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship in 1968 for an ecological survey of larger mammals in India. He has been a member of diverse Central and State Government Committees on Wildlife. He has published books on India's flora and fauna, including a survey of India's wildlife for the Bombay Natural History Society. He has also undertaken field surveys on wildlife for the Central Government.