Green Great Wall Group
Under the supervision of the Green Great Wall Group, a tree-belt of 5.3 million hectares, along the Great Wall of China, is being planted by millions of villagers.
The tree-belt will provide economic returns and help moderate climate. This is one of the most extensive afforestation projects in the world.
China Environmental News Network (CEN)
CEN, published three times a week and with a circulation of 600,000, promotes environmental awareness particularly as it concerns afforestation and the conservation of China's endangered species, the Giant Panda and the Golden Monkey. Over 1,000 CEN articles have been reprinted by other Chinese publications.
Shanyi Village, a community of 3000, between 1984 and 1987 made major energy savings by the introduction of improved cooking stoves and biogas. It reforested its environs, and improved water supply and housing.
A Chinese technician who "greened" factory garbage dump in Taiyuan between 1985 and 1987, recycling eight million tonnes of wastes for construction materials.
His work is a model in land reclamation.
Institute of Desert Research
Since its establishment in 1978, the Institute has carried out pioneer research in desertification control using sand dune fixation, stabilisation by afforestation and changes in public policy.
For 10 years, the panda rescue team of Chengdu Zoo has cared for injured sick or starving wild pandas. Most of them have recovered. In 1978, the Zoo began panda breeding studies and in 1980, the first artificial insemination of a panda succeeded. Since then, the Zoo has used artificial insemination in 47 cases with considerable success, thus helping to ensure the survival of an endangered species. The Chengdu Zoo is the world's leading centre for panda study and care.
Environmental Education Leading Group of Chaozhou City
The Group has been developing education for environmental protection in 598 primary and middle schools and 459 kindergartens since 1980. In the nationwide competition on "man and environment" the students won 80 percent of the first prizes in the province. The students are active in pollution work, afforestation, and protection of beneficial birds and insects. Their experiences were reported to provincial and national conferences in 1983-1987.
Hetian County Government
On the fringe of the Taklamakan Desert, Hetian County covers 4,300 square kilometres. There is an oasis of 710 square kilometres and 28,600 hectares are irrigated by melted snow. The annual rainfall is only about 38 mm. The three main natural problems of the county are spring drought, sand-laden wind, and salinisation of soil.
Before 1979 there were few trees. Since the establishment in 1980 of the "three north" protection forest system, 22,847 hectares of forest have been planted and a shelterbelt network established. As a result soil stayed moist, wind speeds were reduced and grain output raised from 60,000 tons to 100,000 tons. Cotton and edible oil output increased four times, and livestock numbers went up by 54%.
The county's achievement is an excellent example of reafforestation for sustainable development in harsh conditions.
Professor Brian Morton
Emeritus Professor of Marine Ecology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
Professor Morton, a British marine scientist, now retired, spent 33 years in Hong Kong where he contributed to the greater understanding of the Asian marine environment and the threats to it posed by pollution and development in the region.
He organized numerous research workshops and conferences for scientists from China, Hong Kong and elsewhere in the search for solutions to common marine environmental problems.
Professor Morton remains active in international marine organizations, was founding chairman of the Marine Biological Association of Hong Kong and founding editor of Asian Marine Biology. During his time in Hong, as chairman of the Marine Parks and Reserves Committee, he was responsible for drafting the Marine Parks Ordinance and the establishment of the territory’s current system of marine parks and reserves. Professor Morton was a founding member (in 1981) of WWFHK, serving on its Executive and other committees and is now a Life Member. He is an Honorary Life Fellow of the Pacific Science Association (1993), an Honorary Life Member of the Malacological Society of London (1992). He was made a Knight (Ridder) in the Order of the Golden Ark by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands in 1997, an Officer in the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by HRH Queen Elizabeth in 1999 and was, most recently (2004), the sole recipient of the Duke of Edinburgh Conservation Gold Medal – all for his contributions to marine environmental protection, education and conservation.
Professor Morton is continuing his research and marine conservation interest and activities in the United Kingdom.
Traditionally, this village was poor because it was low-lying and flooded each year. Before 1964, grain outputs were low and per capita income was less than 100 Yuan RMB.
Today the yield is 1,710,000 kgs of grain and 59,000 kgs of cotton, with 890 Yuan RMB per capita income in 1987. The rate of forest cover has increased by seven per cent, the use of pesticides is estimated to have decreased 30 per cent, 67 per cent of all households have constructed marsh biogas ponds which provide fuel for nine months of the year. The pig farm in the village was reconstructed into an eco-farm in 1996 with the assistance of the national environmental protection agency.