Philip Martin Fearnside
A research professor in the Department of Ecology at the National Institute for Research in the Amazon (INPA) in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. In 1972 his study of the human carrying capacity on the Osa Peninsula in Costa Rica convinced the Costa Rican national congress to create the Corcovado National Park. He has authored hundreds of publications on the environment and his work culminated in the creation of the Ouro Preto do Oeste Ecological Research Reserve. In 1988-89 he examined the environmental impacts of major World Bank projects around the world. He has special interests in the process and impacts of deforestation on the greenhouse effect.