Participatory Development Forum (PDF)
Participatory Development Forum was launched in 1972 by a group of women leaders in Indonesia to develop an accessible freshwater supply plan through community self-help.
Bumiredjo Village lacked a safe water supply system and the only accessible water was a contaminated river. Following a serious epidemic that killed many people, the villagers built a water supply structure of tanks and bamboo pipes. These were later replaced by funds from CIDA. Now diarrhoea epidemics and skin disease incidents have dropped markedly, and the infant mortality rate fell from 125 per 1,000 in 1980 to 80 per 1,000 in 1990.