Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak

Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak

In India over 700 million people in 122 million households have no toilets, about eight million bucket toilets are cleaned by half a million “scavengers’. This has led to atmospheric pollution, health hazards and a class of people who clean up the excreta of others.

To address this situation, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak, a social worker, environmentalist and Founder of the Sulabh International Social Service Organisation, developed the technology of a twin-pit, pour-flush toilet known as Sulabh Shauchalaya, of which over one million have been constructed. This environment friendly technology provides on-site disposal with no smell and soil pollution, and it conserves water.

Through this development, there has been a massive change in the attitude and behaviour of people towards sanitation. Indians now readily pay charges in 6,000 Sulabh public toilets.

Biogas production from human excreta in 120 public toilets and its various uses, e.g. lighting, cooking, etc and the use of effluent as rich fertilizer is one of his hallmark contributions. To the biogas plant is attached the Sulabh effluent as rich fertilizer is one of his hallmark contributions. To the biogas plant is attached the Sulabh effluent treatment plant, whereby water discharged is made colourless, odourless and pathogen free, fit for reuse in agriculture, pisciculture, or cleaning of public toilet or discharge into any water-body, promoting a better and healthier environment. In both the technologies, there is production of organic nutrient-rich fertilizer and reuse and recycling of waste matter.

In 1996, Pathak’s Sulabh Sanitation System was recognized as Global Urban Best Practice by UN-Habitat at IstanbulTurkey and in 2000 he received the Dubai International Award for Best Practices. The UNEP awarded Dr. Pathak with Global 500 Roll of Honour in 2003. The UN-Habitat has given Scroll of Honour Award in 2003 to Dr. Pathak.

Additional Info

  • Location:


    Sulabh Sanitation Movement
    Sulabh Gram, Mahavir Enclave
    Palam-Dabri Marg
    New Delhi, India 110 045

  • Phone Number: 25031518
  • Fax Number: 25034014
  • E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Website: Sulabh International Social Service Organisation