José Pedro Castro
Mr. José Pedro Castro's contributions to the conservation of the Pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) is well documented. The deer was once one of the most abundant mammals in Uruguay. As a result of commercial hunting and disease transmitted by livestock, the Pampas deer suffered a dramatic reduction and today is one of the most threatened species in Uruguay. The actual population is approximately 600 to 800, concentrated in two small areas of the country.
In 1985, this species was declared a "National Monument" of Uruguay by the Government. The survival of this species is owed, in great part, to the protection given by Mr. Castro. On his farmland survive the majority of the deers - more than 500. He set aside more than 1,200 hectares of his land to assure the survival of this deer without any financial benefit.